Marcel Duchamp first published his 12 Rotoreliefs in 1935. He had been working with rotary discs and their optical effects for decades – Rotary Glass Plates (Precision Optics) from 1920, Disks Bearing Spirals 1923, Rotary Demisphere 1925 and in his silent film Anemic Cinema from 1927.
The Rotoreliefs are silent too even though they’re meant to be played on a record player. You can think of them as the home version. Duchamp thought they were amusing and Calvin Tomkins suggests that they move in an “erotic rhythm”. I do too. You can see the Rotoreliefs in silent action here and/or watch and listen with John Cage’s accompaniment:
from Hans Richter’s film Dreams That Money Can Buy (1947)